Elections New Brunswick

Any elector in New Brunswick can apply to vote by mail.  Usually, electors who choose this method of voting are temporarily studying, working, or travelling outside of the province, or who may be housebound due to incapacity or illness.  In light of the Covid-19 pandemic, electors who are not comfortable visiting a voting location may also choose to apply to have a ballot mailed to them. 

The process requires electors to apply to vote using this form of special ballot, including their information and a signature that is used to validate that the ballot was marked by the intended elector.

Electors who are not registered or cannot be located on the list of electors for an election, must be added to the List of Electors before a ballot may be sent. 

NOTE: All ballots must arrive at the returning office from where they were requested before 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.  Any ballots that arrive after this time cannot be counted!

  • Once an election is underway and returning offices have opened, any elector may contact the returning office for their electoral district or region to request to vote by mail using the following process:
  • If the eligible elector is unsure if their name is properly listed on the List of Electors, they can first call 1-888-858-VOTE (8683) to verify and update their information.

If an eligible elector must be added to the List of Electors, an Application for Addition to the List of Electors, form (C 05 801) must accompany the request to vote by mail, as well as a copy of one or more pieces of ID that show the elector’s name, address, and signature.  The completed form and identification can be sent using the same methods described below.

  • The elector must download an Application for a Special Ballot from the Elections NB website, or request that a paper form be mailed or faxed to them.  The form varies slightly:

In a provincial election, an Application for a Special Ballot (Form P 06 101); OR

In a municipal, DEC, RHA election, an Application for a Special Ballot (Form M 06 101).

  • The elector must complete the form, indicating where the ballot is to be mailed, and sign the application.
  • The elector must send the completed form to the returning office by:

Scanning, or taking a high-resolution photo of the form and emailing it; or

Having the form delivered by themselves, another person; or

Mailing or faxing the form.

Once an elector sends an Application for a Special Ballot to the Returning Office, the office prepares and sends a vote by mail package to the elector, by courier.

The package will contain an instruction sheet, the ballot, a secrecy envelope, and a certificate envelope.


Secrecy Envelope


Certificate Envelope

When you receive your package, first review the instruction sheet.

Mark your ballot carefully. If you make a mistake, you must first return the mismarked ballot before a new one can be sent to you.

Once you have marked the ballot, insert it into the secrecy envelope and seal it.  Next, place the sealed secrecy envelope into the certificate envelope.  Make sure your information is correct on the certificate envelope, and sign the envelope.  Your signature must match the signature on your Application for a Special Ballot.  Seal the certificate envelope.

You can choose to mail the certificate envelope to the returning office using the postage-paid envelope, or place it inside another plain envelope and send it back by courier at your expense.  You may also choose to have someone hand-deliver it to the returning office.

As stated above, your ballot must arrive at the returning office before 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.  Any ballots that arrive after this time cannot be counted.

Once your certificate envelope arrives at the returning office, two election officers work together to compare the signatures on the original Application for a Special Ballot and the certificate envelope.

  • If it is decided the signatures do not match, the certificate envelope is set aside, and will not be opened.
  • If the signatures do match, the certificate envelope is opened, and the secrecy envelope is removed.  The unopened secrecy envelope is placed into a ballot box for later counting.

On the Sunday prior to Election Day, all of the secrecy envelopes are opened in the presence of scrutineers.  The ballots are then deposited into a tabulation machine to be counted, like any other ballot.  This process is repeated on election night after 8 p.m. for any remaining secrecy envelopes that were returned on Election Day.